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Ships, ahoy! A round up of selected nautical terms

“The Battle of Cape Ortegal” by Thomas Whitcombe, 1805

Don’t know the difference between a knot and a nautical mile? We’ve rounded up a few navy terms you may be curious about:

Admiral of the Red/White/Blue: The officer commanding ships of the Red, White and Blue squadrons, in descending order.

Battery: Broadside guns on one side of the ship

Flag captain: Captain of a flagship

Flagship: An admiral’s ship

Frigate: Smaller, faster ships with one deck and up to 36 guns

Head money: Prize money awarded for every person who’s on board a captured enemy warship

Knot: Speed measurement. One knot equals one nautical mile an hour.

Midshipman: Boy or young man who hopes to become a commissioned officer

Nautical mile: Distance measurement. At 6,075.6 feet, a nautical mile is longer than a statute mile (5,280 feet). 60 nautical miles equals one degree of latitude.

Post captain: Rank of a captain of a sixth-rate ship or higher.

Prize money: Profits from the sale of prizes (cargo or the vessel itself). The prize money is then distributed in specific ways.

Privateer: Vessel armed and equipped by merchants who have permission from admiralty to cruise and capture enemy ships

Sloops: Small warship with one internal deck and main batteries on the upper deck

Table money: The entertainment allowance afforded to ships’ commanders, graded by rank


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